The concept of national responsibilities has been introduced in the late 1990ies to overcome some of the shortcomings of using Red Lists setting conservation priorities. Several countries have developed independently their own method for determining national responsibilities. EuMon reviewed these methods and derived a new one that overcomes limitations of the existing methods and, most importantly, is freely scalable, i.e., can be applied to countries or regions of any size in a standardized way. The method is based on the distribution pattern and distribution range of species. Most importantly, the method clearly distinguishes between the national responsibilities of countries and the conservation priority a species receives within a certain country. Conservation priorities are given by the combination of national responsibilities and threat status (Annexes of the Birds and Habitats Directives, IUCN Red list, national red lists). We tested this new methodology for countries of different size and biogeographic location: Central Europe (Germany), South-Eastern Europe (Hungary), Scandinavia (Norway) and the Baltic countries (Estonia).
National responsibilities are crucial to pinpoint action plans in the different EU Member states on a legal basis and to meet the NATURA 2000 requirements.
For more information on National Responsibilities:
Schmeller et al. 2008, National Responsibilities in European Species Conservation: a Methodological Review. Conservation Biology, DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2008.00961.x
Schmeller et al. 2008, Determination of national conservation responsibilities for species conservation in regions with multiple political jurisdictions, BIOC, DOI 10.1007/s10531-008-9439-8 s
Schmeller et al. 2008, Determination of conservation priorities in regions with multiple political jurisdictions, BIOC, DOI 10.1007/s10531-008-9446-9
National Responsibilities and Conservation Priorities: Revised and tested methodology. This document contains comprehensive results of the testing.