Contract Number: 6463
Research     European Commission 
EU-wide monitoring methods and systems of surveillance for species and habitats of Community interest

Halt the loss of
by 2020

Program count:  414
Scheme count:  649
Species:  472
Habitats:  177
 Input history

2011-02-23 The EuMon database questionnaire has been revised.
The EuMon database questionnaire has been revised. We would kindly like to invite you to update or include your monitoring scheme. Thanks for your support!


2008-11-12 New EU-project EBONE - European Biodiversity Observation Network

EBONE is an EU FP7 project and is partially a follow up project of EuMon. The key challenge of the project is the development of a cost effective system of biodiversity data collection at regional, national and European levels. The need for the project is to develop a system for a coherent system for data collection that can be used for international comparable assessments.

For more Information please click here.



2008-04-02 EuMon Conference Leipzig 28th - 30th of January

EuMon conference

Representatives from NGO’s, national and international conservation agencies and scientists from more than 25 countries across Europe were participating at the EuMon Conference in Leipzig (28th to the 30th of January). The major issues we addressed during the conference were:

  • Where are the gaps in biodiversity monitoring?
  • Biodiversity Monitoring, needs and duties of governments and the public
  • Advantages and problems in building multi-national monitoring schemes
  • Volunteer involvement in Biodiversity Monitoring
  • What types of education are needed to encourage the public interest in biodiversity and monitoring?

Find on the following link the presentations of the conference as PDF files for downloading:

EuMon-Conference Presentations

Many thanks again to all presenters to make the presentation available!



2007-11-09 EuMon Final workshop approaching

EuMon Final workshop approaching

VISIT for registration

With the implementation of the European nature conservation directives (Habitats and Birds Directive) it became a legal obligation for each EU member state to regularly report on the conservation status of its wild flora and fauna. To evaluate the status of species and habitats it is necessary to continuously observe and document their development in the long term. This is already being done for many of the approximately 100.000 animal and 14.000 plant species in Europe. But in spite of the large number of monitoring systems, it remains difficult to determine the national and international conservation status of species and habitats. Therefore coordinating monitoring efforts and data across Europe will increase relevance and potential implications of monitoring outputs.
The EuMon-Project was launched to develop such a coordinating framework and herewith invites you to the final meeting.

The conference and workshops address members and representatives from NGOs and nature conservation agencies as well as scientists and policy makers.



2007-11-09 Results from EuMon contribute to monitoring of Norway’s biodiversity

As part of a national programme for the inventory and monitoring of Norway’s biodiversity, special emphasis is placed on red-listed species and other species for which Norway may be considered to have special responsibility. This involves some considerable challenges, as both the number of red-listed species in the major taxa (fungi, insects) and their population sizes and distribution patterns make it difficult to apply standard representative sampling. A first approach to meet these challenges is to identify the relevant species and then to sort them into categories suitable for different monitoring approaches, based on their ecological traits and distribution characteristics. Here EuMon contributes in both steps. Results from EuMon’s WP4 on national responsibilities will be very helpful in deciding relevant criteria for the selection of species for future monitoring, especially for species of national responsibility for Norway. The recommended EuMon approach may not be applied directly, but the basic logic behind this approach will aid in structuring the criteria for selection of a priority set of species. The various methodological considerations developed in EuMon’s WP2 will then contribute to specify the basic approaches available for sound monitoring of species with different ecological and distribution characteristics. By the end of 2007, the work should result in a recommended set of species allocated to suitable basic monitoring approaches. Contact person for this work is Anne Sverdrup-Thygeson of NINA (

More information in the 4th EuMon newsletter



2007-06-29 The third EuMon newsletter
Find the latest newsletter from EuMon here. The high-level input to our database has ceased by now, but it is still possible to contribute your scheme and we would highly recommend that you do in order to improve the value of the database for yourselves in the future. The database will remain accessible online after the end of the EuMon project in April 2008. Our aim is that it will become an official tool for the EU-Commission and the Habitats Reporting but this is still in discussion.


2007-06-29  Intensive farming damaging bird numbers

Intensive farming damaging bird numbers

By Paul Eccleston

The catastrophic decline of farmland birds in Britain due to intensive farming methods is being mirrored across Europe, a new survey reveals.

Europe’s farmland birds have declined by almost half in the past 25 years as a direct consequence of the Common Agricultural Policy, it is claimed.

Read the full article: Telegraph




2007-06-29 The new monitoring of common breeding birds in the wider countryside of Germany

The new monitoring of common breeding birds in the wider countryside of Germany 

This is not exceptionally new, but might be of interest for bird monitors. The full article (in German) can be downloaded here

Mitschke, A., C. Sudfeldt, H. Heidrich-Riske & R. Dröschmeister 2005: The new monitoring
of common breeding birds in the wider countryside of Germany – monitoring sites, field
method and preliminary results. Vogelwelt 126: 127 – 140.
Common and widespread breeding birds are probably among the best indicators of the effects
of large scale changes in agricultural and land management practice on wildlife. The German
Common Birds Census (GCBC), which is conducted by the Dachverband Deutscher Avifaunisten
(DDA, Federation of German Avifaunists) since 1989, yields trend data and allows analysis
of the factors affecting these trends. GCBC is based on territory mapping and point counts.
Because of observer’s free choice of plots and routes, nearly a quarter of the common species
shows significant differences in annual changes or overall trends of the index curves derived
from the two different field methods (FLADE & SCHWARZ 2004). In order to overcome these
biases due to geographical and habitat representation, DDA started in 2004 a new monitoring
scheme based on a stratified randomised sampling design using land cover (ATKIS, Amtliches
Topographisch-Kartographisches Informationssystem) and abiotic characteristics for classification.
The latter are previously combined to ‘land classes’, which reflect natural regions and
landscapes. The procedure determining 1,000 monitoring sites (1 km2 squares) of national
interest was similar to that given by the nation-wide Ecological Area Sampling approach and
was developed in co-operation with the German Federal Agency for Statistics and the Federal
Agency for Nature Conservation. Skilled volunteers have been surveying the plots (420 in 2004,
626 in 2005) during four visits per breeding season (10 March to 20 June). Along a squarespecific
route of nearly 3 km length, the survey aims at locating as many as possible occupied
territories (simplified territory mapping method) of every diurnal avian species occurring in a
square. This paper discusses the new approach of monitoring common breeding birds in Germany
in the context of a nation-wide monitoring for nature conservation in the wider countryside.
Preliminary results are given.



2007-02-16 The second EuMon Newsletter
We finalized the second Newsletter, informing about results of the EuMon project. Find a pdf version here. Feel free to distribute the newsletter, if you find it of interest for others.


2007-02-06 International Press Center for Biodiversity
Find Biodiversity related news on the webpage, a service initated by AlterNet.


2007-02-05 Could woodland bird declines could be attributed to grey squirrels?

The Game Conservancy Trust: Could woodland bird declines could be attributed to grey squirrels?

Wednesday, 31 Jan 2007 12:55
New concerns about the possibility of grey squirrels affecting woodland bird populations, has resulted in The Barnaby Trust and The European Squirrel Initiative (ESI) funding a substantial new grey squirrel study, which is to be carried out by The Game Conservancy Trust. More 


2007-02-01 The Great Bear Comeback

By Philip Bethge

The brown bear is returning to the mountains of Central Europe, thanks to resettlement projects in Italy, Austria and France. Biologists celebrate the animals’ return as a success in endangered species protection. But the general population has mixed feelings about welcoming back the predator.

more on Spiegel online


2007-01-31 Summaries of Deliverables
EuMon has finished its second year, with a total of 15 deliverables produced. Here you can find the summaries of all relevant deliverables.


2006-10-29 The 1st EuMon Newsletter

This is the first of a three-monthly newsletter handed out by the EuMon-consortium. It is meant to inform all subscribers about news concerning monitoring of species and habitats. We will inform you about the different working groups of the EuMon-project, but also about activities in monitoring policy, meetings and initiatives concerning monitoring. We are also open to spread information from monitoring organisations, which should be sent to Please, also help EuMon distributing this newsletter and sent it to people likely interested in the topic.

Find the pdf of the newsletter here



2006-10-19 Launch of the EMAN Data Management System


This is news from Canada and their approach to facilitate monitoring of biodiversity.

Have a read on their page

The Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network Coordinating Office is pleased to announce that the first phase of the EMAN Data Management System has been launched. The EMAN Data Management System is an on-line tool for partners to enter, access, view, manage, search and share data related to the EMAN standardized ecosystem monitoring protocols. You can access the system at:

* the EMAN terrestrial vegetation biodiversity monitoring protocol * the Roadside Survey * the Backyard Call Count.



2006-09-13 Monitoring butterflies and dragonflies in the Netherlands in 2005

Monitoring butterflies and dragonflies in the Netherlands in 2005

De Vlinderstichting (Dutch Butterfly Conservation) and CBS (Statistics Netherlands) coordinate the monitoring schemes for butterflies and dragonflies in the Netherlands. The butterfly scheme started in 1990, the dragonfly scheme in 1997.

The number of butterfly transects and plots has more or less stabilized just under 700 sites. The sites are well scattered over the country. The species-richest sites are found in the eastern half of the Netherlands and in the coastal dunes. The winner was a site near Maastricht in the very south of the country, having 28 species in 2005. 23 species have been counted since the start in 1990! The number of butterflies in 2005 was low again. In spite of this a few species had their ‘highest index ever’, e.g. Papilio machaon and Celastrina argiolus. Aglais urticae and Lasiommata megera had their ‘lowest index ever’. The most common species was Maniola jurtina, as in all previous years.
The report presents the trends of all native butterflies as graphs. An overview of the trends of butterflies since 1992 indicates that eleven species show a significant increase, four others are stable and 30 species are declining.

Download the full report:



2006-08-03 Scientists want global body to conserve biodiversity

Scientists want global body to conserve biodiversity

By Patricia Reaney

LONDON (Reuters) - Scientists warned on Wednesday that the world is on the brink of a major biodiversity crisis and called for the creation of an international body to advise governments on how to protect the planet’s ecosystems.

"All the scientific evidence points to the fact that whatever measure of vulnerability you take, whether it is local populations, species or ecosystem, we know that the rate at which we are altering them now is faster than it has been in the past," Georgina Mace said in an interview.
Mace, director of science at the Institute of Zoology in London, is one of 19 scientists from 13 countries who signed a declaration published in the journal Nature explaining why an intergovernmental body is needed.
They said that although all aspects of biodiversity are in decline and many species are likely to become extinct this century, the crisis is not given the weight and importance it merits in public and private decision making.

The new panel would address policy-related issues and get the best consensus on what the scientific opinion really is. "It is not telling policy makers what to do. It is giving them advice about what the consequences of different decisions will be," Mace added. The experts, who include Dr Robert Watson, the chief scientist at the World Bank, suggested that a single global body similar to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) could speak for the biodiversity science world.

"For the sake of the planet, the biodiversity science community has to create a way to get organized, to coordinate its work across disciplines, and together with one clear voice advise governments on steps to halt the potentially catastrophic loss of species already occurring," Watson said in a statement.
The scientists and experts from countries ranging from China, Chile and Canada to South Africa, Germany and the United States suggested that the panel should be independent, transparent and include input from governments, non-government organizations and the private sector.
They suggested the group be funded by governments and that it should generate information about trends in biodiversity and future changes so targets for action can be set.
The scientists said French President Jacques Chirac had supported the idea at an international conference in January 2005. "The French government is currently funding a consultation process to assess the need, scope and possible models for an international mechanism of scientific expertise on biodiversity," they said in the statement.
The consultations are expected to produce recommendations within 18 months.




2006-08-03 BBC 1 - Seawatch


Wednesday 2 August, 8pm BBC One
From rock pools in Devon to deep sea corals off Scotland, Kate Humble examines the effects of fishing, pollution and climate change on UK marine life and looks at how we can help protect it.

Have a look here



2006-08-03 Commission proposes new EU plan to halt biodiversity loss

Commission proposes new EU plan to halt biodiversity loss

The European Commission adopted today a Communication which sets out an ambitious policy approach to halting the loss of biodiversity by 2010. In particular, it provides an EU Action Plan which proposed concrete measures and outlines the responsibilities of EU institutions and Member States, respectively. It also specifies indicators to monitor progress, and a timetable for evaluations. It spells out what needs to be done to halt biodiversity loss in the EU and to meet the international commitments to reduce biodiversity loss worldwide. It also creates an advisory mechanism to help decision-makers make better use of existing knowledge.

More information here



2006-06-16 Press Coverage

Press Coverage of the EuMon project

Varovanje narave

Interview Klaus Henle

Interview with Sandra Bell



2006-06-16 Announcement for a workshop

Coimbra, 10 -15 July, 2006, Department of Zoology, University of Coimbra, Portugal.

A one-week post-graduation course aiming to provide the most updated information on the development of bioindicators to assess effects of several anthropogenic pressures on biodiversity in terrestrial systems and their use on biodiversity monitoring plans.

The course includes both theoretical and practical lectures (including the analyses of several case studies) and is targeted not only for scientists and research students (Ph.D and M.Sc), but also for persons involved in land management (e.g., nature conservation, forestry and agriculture managers).

For more information see


2006-06-16 Loss of butterflies

In the current paper print of the German journal Spiegel (24/2006) you find an article on the loss of butterflies and butterfly monitoring in Germany by R. von Bredow and L. Rothenberger. You may want to ask Josef Settele ( for a pdf, if you can’t buy the Spiegel (it is sold internationally, usually in train stations).



2006-05-23 EuMon workshop

The EuMon consortium meets in Vilnius (Lithuania) from the 6th to the 10th of June 2006 to discuss the progress of the project, to solve problems occuring and to interact with policymakers. If you have an enquiry concerning EuMon sent us an email to and we will put it on the agenda. The next EuMon-workshop will be taking place in Spring 2007. Generally, it is possible that interested people participate in the workshop, just let us know in advance.



2006-05-10 BBC radio 4 - Counting Creature

The urgent need to monitor biodiversity has recently been covered by a production of the BBC radio 4 broadcast - Counting Creatures.

From the BBC webpage:

In 2002, 188 countries signed the Convention on Biological Diversity - thus committing themselves to slowing the loss of biodiversity by 2010. But with just a few years to go, there’s no agreed way of measuring progress towards that goal. How can we find out if all our efforts to save species and environments are making any difference?

And what do we mean by biodiversity? Biologists say it’s much more than just the numbers of plants and animals that fill our world and make it unique. It’s also the range of genes, habitats and their multiple interactions.

Sue Broom attempts to untangle the term, and discovers why biodiversity is so important and why it must be maintained.

Listen to the program again here



2006-04-18 Reports on our Databases

We currently implement a new feature to our webpage - Dynamic and static reports from our databases on participatory monitoring networks and monitoring schemes . These will allow you to retrieve the information from our databases you are interested in and display them in graphic and text format. Find a sample version here. We are open to any suggestions you may have concerning content and design, just get in touch with us!



2006-03-16 WP 2/3 progress

WP 2/3 is now actually collecting data after a long delay because of prolonged testing of the online database.

The invitation letters have been sent out to respondents in Austria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Netherlands and Spain. Hopefully every day this list will be updated now.

All the new data will receive a brief examination and will be made publicly available after that. Please be patient if you do not see your data appear in the public list right away.



2006-03-15 Short summary of preliminary results of EuMon
The preliminary results (first 12 month) of the EuMon project clearly show the inclination to monitor and survey certain favourable organism groups, bird monitoring surmounting the second preferred group (invertebrates) more than twofold. Only few schemes refer directly to the Habitats Directive, SPA, Natura 2000 species. They seem to have been started only recently or are still in a developmental stage. EuMon results also indicate that PMNs tend to concentrate on collecting data on species rather than habitats.




2006-01-23 Questionaire and database on European monitoring programs

We are currently in the beta testing phase of an online questionaire regarding European monitoring regimes. Based on this questionaire and a database kindly provided by the European Center for Nature Conservation all coordinators of European monitoring schemes will be asked to contribute to the database to achieve the most comprehensible database in Europe on monitoring schemes.

Announcement when the questionaire and database will be online will follow shortly. 



2005-04-01 New project management and data exchange system online
Today the EuMon project officially launched their new data exchange system. This system will enable all EuMon partners to communicate more effectively and exchange file and information in an easy, straightforward and efficient way.



Job opportunities
Presentations of EuMon

About the database
Login / Registration
Browse the schemes
Create overview graphs

Volunteering in biodiversity monitoring
List of PMNs in Europe
Overview graphs & tables
Describe your PMN

About National Responsibilities & Conservation Priorities
Natura 2000

Policy briefs
BioMat - Tool for developing and comparing monitoring schemes