EU-wide monitoring methods and systems of surveillance for species and habitats of Community interest
A research project funded by the European Union 
Participatory Monitoring Networks in Europe

1. Name of Organisation:
Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, UMR 5175 du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France
1a. Your e-mail:
2. Organisation address:
CEFE, CNRS (UMR 5175) 1919 route de Mende F-34293 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
2a. Country:  
3. What geographical area does your organisation cover?
An area within a country Mediterranean region
A country France 
Other countries Europe
4. When did your organisation start?
5. How many paid staff are in your organisation?
6a. Can members of the public (ordinary people) join your organisation?
6b. If Yes, how many members of the public (ordinary people) currently belong to your organisation?
6c. Do members of the public who have joined your organisation pay a membership fee?
6d. If some members do not have to pay a fee, please explain why
7a. What aspects of biodiversity your organisation monitors?
Insects Amphibians Fish Birds Mammals Plants Reptiles
Habitats Mediterranean
Other Arctic region
7b. Please provide a brief description of your organisation's biodiversity monitoring activities.
Long term studies on model organisms using standardised protocols (e.g. long-term program on Cyanistes caeruleus breeding in nest boxes)
8. How long has your organisation carried out biodiversity monitoring activities?
9. Are any of your organisation's monitoring activities carried out in collaboration with another organisation/s?
10. If Yes, please give the name(s) of the organisation(s)
Model organisms are studied throughout Europe using the same basic monitoring protocols, which allows comparison at macro-geographic scale.
11. Do you supply or pass on your monitoring data to other organisations?
12. If Yes, please give the name of the organisation(s)
Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Centre de Recherches sur la Biologie des Populations d'Oiseaux, Paris, France. Data are also shared between collaborators for comparisons at different spatio-temporal scales.
13. Are your monitoring data published in a regular report?
14. Are the report(s) available on the internet?
14b. Internet address of report(s):
15. Do volunteers contribute to your organisation's monitoring activities?
16. Do volunteers have to be members?
17. Please estimate the proportion of your organisation's biodiversity monitoring data that is provided by:
(a) Your organisation's staff 50 % 
(b) Volunteers who are members 45 % 
(c) Volunteers who are not members 5 % 
TOTAL 100 % 
18. How long has your organisation used volunteers to assist with monitoring activities?
19. What biodiversity monitoring information does your organisation ask volunteers to collect? Please list this information:
The proportion of volunteers' constributions changes across years (students, staff members paid by other organisations, volunteers without financial support), depending on the number of study plots to be monitored. Volunteers help with the control of nest sites using standardised protocols.
20. Does your organisation have enough volunteers for its biodiversity monitoring?
21. If no, please explain why
The number of volunteers required will depend on the number of study sites to be followed, and the spatial scale of comparison. Multi-scale monitoring programs can currently not be run efficiently by the organisation's staff members alone.
22. What do you think motivates people to contribute to your organisation's biodiversity monitoring schemes (e.g. hands-on experience)? Please list:
Scientific collaboration, education, pleasure
23. What methods does your organisation use to recruit volunteers?
Articles (newspapers, magazines etc.) Advertisements in newspapers, magazines etc.
Internet/e-mail Invitations sent through the post
Word of mouth Open days, workshops, activity days
Radio/T.V. Other
24. Do volunteers receive any financial support (i.e. expense payments)?
25. What proportion of volunteers have formal environmental training? (e. g. field courses, university degree in biology, ecology etc.)
26a. Does your organisation provide any training for volunteers?
26b. If Yes, please describe what training is given to volunteers.
Training in population biology and field techniques.
27a. Does your organisation validate the data received from volunteers?
27b. If yes, how are the data validated?
Data are included in long term data bases that are exploited by staff members, collaborators, students.
28. Does your organisation provide feedback to volunteers who contribute to your organisations monitoring activities?
Additional comments:
Using data collected by a network of citizen science volunteers is a powerful tool to examine long-term strends and seasonal dynamics in organisms (e.g. rapidly evolving diseases) at wide geographic scales, as demonstrated in citizen networks developed in the U.S.A. (e.g. Altizer et al. 2004. Journal of Animal Ecology 73, 309-322). These kinds of networks focusing on model organisms with important fundamental scientific value could also be developed in Europe.

 Contract number: 006463